Category: Research

Organic fuel additive could reduce fossil fuel emissions and have biodiesel applications

Organic fuel additive could reduce fossil fuel emissions and have biodiesel applications

September 21, 2017 |

In Saudi Arabia, an additive for conventional fuel comprised of oxygenated organic compounds could help reduce the release of pollutants into the atmosphere during the combustion of fossil fuels. Researchers from King Abdulla University of Science and Technology have now established how these potential additives decompose under combustion-relevant conditions. The researchers found that the additional […]

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UC Santa Barbara gets $2.1 million ARPA-E grant to research macro-algae

UC Santa Barbara gets $2.1 million ARPA-E grant to research macro-algae

September 20, 2017 |

In California, prolific growth makes giant kelp an excellent candidate to replace corn as a biofuel. While this species naturally grows close to shore, it easily could be farmed in deeper waters. This is the focus of a new project called Macroalgae Research Inspiring Novel Energy Resources (MARINER), which seeks to develop offshore kelp farms […]

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NREL finds CelA could be key to unlocking cellulosic biofuel viability

NREL finds CelA could be key to unlocking cellulosic biofuel viability

September 19, 2017 |

In Colorado, an enzyme discovered at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) proves adept at breaking down cellulose fibers regardless of whether their crystalline structure is simple or highly complex. No other enzyme has shown that ability. The enzyme, called CelA, comes from Caldicellulosiruptor bescii, and NREL scientists reported three years […]

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German researchers boost metabolism of baker’s yeast to improve yields

German researchers boost metabolism of baker’s yeast to improve yields

September 18, 2017 |

In Germany, currently, making products such as fuels, synthetic materials or pharmaceuticals from renewable raw materials lacks efficiency because the microorganisms process the raw materials very slowly and generate many unwanted by-products. Biotechnologists at Goethe University Frankfurt have now succeeded in optimizing sugar utilization in baker’s yeast. Researchers from the Institute of Molecular Biosciences at […]

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International consortium uses bio-engineering and mutations for improving biofuel producing bacterial enzymes

International consortium uses bio-engineering and mutations for improving biofuel producing bacterial enzymes

September 16, 2017 |

In Washington, DC, the American Institute of Physics reported that CellulosomePlus, an international research consortium that includes researchers from Spain, Poland and Ireland, developed a way to re-engineer the bacterial enzyme complexes, called cellulosomes, which serve as catalysts in the degradation process. Helping bacteria become more efficient in this process could result in more affordable […]

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Indian researchers produce biodiesel from waste carbon using local bacteria

Indian researchers produce biodiesel from waste carbon using local bacteria

September 14, 2017 |

In India, researchers from New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University have discovered that by bringing together species of bacteria from Aravalli marble mines near Alwar and from brackish waters in the high-altitude Pangong Lake in Ladakh on the border with China can create biodiesel. The bacteria from the marble mines can sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide into organic […]

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EU project seeks to produce biomass fuels using gasification and synthesis process

EU project seeks to produce biomass fuels using gasification and synthesis process

September 13, 2017 |

In Finland, the EU project COMSYN aims to develop a production concept for competitive bio-based fuels by means of a compact gasification and synthesis process. The target reduction for biofuel production is up to 35 percent compared to alternative methods, which translates to less than EUR0.80/liter production cost for diesel. The production concept is based […]

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DOE researchers find drought-hit biomass produces toxic compounds rather than fuels

DOE researchers find drought-hit biomass produces toxic compounds rather than fuels

September 12, 2017 |

In the Midwest, Department of Energy researchers examined the effect of weather on biofuel production by comparing switchgrass and corn stover harvested after a year of major drought and after 2 years of normal precipitation. They found that the plants produced more sugar, but the sugar changed during pretreatment and produced toxic compounds rather than […]

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Penn State researchers develop new way to produce ethanol from potato waste

Penn State researchers develop new way to produce ethanol from potato waste

September 11, 2017 |

In Pennsylvania, with more than two-dozen companies in Pennsylvania manufacturing potato chips, it is no wonder that researchers in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences have developed a novel approach to more efficiently convert potato waste into ethanol. This process may lead to reduced production costs for biofuel in the future and add extra value […]

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Researchers invent new one-step process for extracting sugars from biomass

Researchers invent new one-step process for extracting sugars from biomass

September 9, 2017 |

In Delaware, University of Delaware researchers invented a more efficient, and less costly, process for extracting sugars from wood chips, corn cobs and other organic waste from forests and farms. Their new process requires only one step to separate out the sugars from the lignin, instead of the usual two-step process that uses harsh chemicals […]

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