Category: Research

Iowa State researcher looking at how to balance stover demand with soil needs

Iowa State researcher looking at how to balance stover demand with soil needs

April 27, 2017 |

In Iowa, the phrase “a double-edged sword” describes something that is beneficial in some ways but problematic in others. One example is removing maize stover (the husks, stems and leaves of corn plants) from fields. Maize stover is used to make cellulosic ethanol, a renewable biofuel. And renewable biofuels are beneficial to the environment. However, […]

Read More

Texas A&M researchers sequence genome of green microalgae

Texas A&M researchers sequence genome of green microalgae

April 26, 2017 |

In Texas, the genome of the fuel-producing green microalga Botryococcus braunii has been sequenced by a team of researchers led by a group at Texas A&M AgriLife Research. The report, in Genome Announcements, comes after almost seven years of research, according to Dr. Tim Devarenne, AgriLife Research biochemist and principal investigator in College Station. In […]

Read More

Researchers look at altering tools cyanobacteria use to capture light for photosynthesis

Researchers look at altering tools cyanobacteria use to capture light for photosynthesis

April 25, 2017 |

In Washington state, a recent study by researchers from the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and Washington University investigated effects of altering large cellular complexes called phycobilisomes, which cyanobacteria use to efficiently capture light energy for photosynthesis, to guide development of optimal strategies for biofuel production. The findings revealed changes to phycobilisome structure indirectly affect critical, […]

Read More

University of Nevada researchers looking at ice to better develop biofuel feedstocks

University of Nevada researchers looking at ice to better develop biofuel feedstocks

April 24, 2017 |

In Nevada, the unassuming ice plant could become an ingenious weapon in the fight against a warming climate that threatens to limit regions suitable for growing biofuel crops. Biochemist and molecular biologist John Cushman at the University of Nevada, Reno will create a gene atlas for the common ice plant that will help find ways […]

Read More

US wood pellet exports are sustainable, despite growth: report

US wood pellet exports are sustainable, despite growth: report

April 23, 2017 |

In Tennessee, officials at Oak Ridge released a report on an ongoing debate about costs and benefits of wood-pellet based bioenergy production in the southeastern United States (SE US) requires an understanding of the science and context influencing market decisions associated with its sustainability. Production of pellets has garnered much attention as US exports have […]

Read More

Research: aging fuels performance as hybrid electric drives change fuel storage times

Research: aging fuels performance as hybrid electric drives change fuel storage times

April 23, 2017 |

In Germany, UFOP writes that “the still largely unknown interactions between fuel-carrying vehicle components and (ageing) fuel in PHEV vehicles is to be determined within the framework of a research project under close-to-real-life conditions (storage duration, storage conditions of the fuel). The Transferzentrum Automotive at Coburg University, Oel-Waerme-Institut GmbH and TEC4FUELS GmbH are conducting research […]

Read More

POET uses ingenuity from ND State University students to solve feedstock challenges

POET uses ingenuity from ND State University students to solve feedstock challenges

April 20, 2017 |

In South Dakota, POET worked with College of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering students at South Dakota State University to solve a major challenge that has impeded the use of some of its corn stover in its cellulosic ethanol production facility. Turning netwrap and twine intermingled with corn stalks, tree branches and chunks of debris into […]

Read More

Japanese researchers make breakthrough in understanding photosynthesis

Japanese researchers make breakthrough in understanding photosynthesis

April 19, 2017 |

In Japan, photosynthesis requires a mechanism to produce large amounts of chemical energy without losing the oxidative power needed to break down water. A Japanese research team led by the Kobe University has clarified part of this mechanism, marking another step towards the potential development of artificial photosynthesis. The findings were published on February 27 […]

Read More

Japanese researchers produce alkyl lactate and alkyl levulinate from algae starch

Japanese researchers produce alkyl lactate and alkyl levulinate from algae starch

April 18, 2017 |

In Japan, researchers from Tokyo Tech University have found that starch derived from algae after oil extraction can be converted into alkyl lactate and alkyl levulinate used to produce pharmaceuticals, additives, and polyesters. Addition of Sn(OTf)2 boosted alkyl levulinate yields while SnBr4 was used to produce alkyl lactate. The researchers also found methyl levulinate and […]

Read More

Researchers using FeliX model say global carbon emissions must reach zero by 2040

Researchers using FeliX model say global carbon emissions must reach zero by 2040

April 17, 2017 |

In the UK, a team have researchers are the first to use the new FeliX computer model, which includes social and economic factors along with environmental ones, to determine that the world must achieve zero carbon emissions well before 2040 to ensure that global temperatures don’t rise by more than 1.5C before the end of […]

Read More