Tag: enzymes

Researchers find way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells

Researchers find way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells

June 19, 2018 |

In Asia, team of researchers with members from institutions in Singapore, China and the U.K. has found a way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells. In their paper published in the journal Nature Energy, they describe their technique and how well it works. Huajie Yin and Zhiyong Tang with Griffith University in Australia […]

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ORNL researchers find additional biofuel and bioproduct uses for enzymes

ORNL researchers find additional biofuel and bioproduct uses for enzymes

June 18, 2018 |

In Tennessee, for decades, biologists have believed a key enzyme in plants had one function—produce amino acids, which are vital to plant survival and also essential to human diets. But for Oak Ridge National Lab researchers, this enzyme does more than advertised. They had run a series of experiments on poplar plants that consistently revealed […]

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Researchers find way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells

Researchers find way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells

June 12, 2018 |

In Asia, team of researchers with members from institutions in Singapore, China and the U.K. has found a way to improve electron transfer in enzymatic biofuel cells. In their paper published in the journal Nature Energy, they describe their technique and how well it works. Huajie Yin and Zhiyong Tang with Griffith University in Australia […]

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Brazilian researchers isolate enzyme for bagasse saccharification in the Amazon

Brazilian researchers isolate enzyme for bagasse saccharification in the Amazon

May 15, 2018 |

In Brazil, missing piece of the puzzle to achieving second-generation ethanol from sugarcane bagasse is saccharification – saccharification meaning the process by which complex sugars called polysaccharides are depolymerized and broken down into simple soluble sugars. This would be achieved through composing the proper enzyme cocktail and consequently assembling an industrial-scale microbial platform for the […]

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Brazilian researchers look into genetic mechanisms of fungus-derived enzymes to break down sugarcane

Brazilian researchers look into genetic mechanisms of fungus-derived enzymes to break down sugarcane

May 1, 2018 |

In Brazil, important knowledge of the different biological mechanisms behind the control and production of hydrolytic enzymes specifically by fungi has been garnered by a group of researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, partnering with colleagues from the National Bioethanol Science & Technology Laboratory (CTBE), which belongs to the […]

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UK and US scientists engineer enzymes to digest common plastics

UK and US scientists engineer enzymes to digest common plastics

April 17, 2018 |

In the UK, scientists have engineered an enzyme which can digest some of our most commonly polluting plastics, providing a potential solution to one of the world’s biggest environmental problems. The discovery could result in a recycling solution for millions of tons of plastic bottles, made of polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, which currently persists for […]

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Bugging out over exciting enzymes found in ancient insects

Bugging out over exciting enzymes found in ancient insects

February 25, 2018 |

Ancient insects’ digestion could boost biofuel development In the United Kingdom, researchers at the University of York found that the ability of some insects to efficiently digest cellulose could be exploited for industrial processes, such as the production of sustainable low carbon fuels to cut greenhouse gas emissions associated with fossil fuel use. According to […]

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Genetically engineered fungus boosts biofuel production

Genetically engineered fungus boosts biofuel production

February 3, 2018 |

In India, researchers at the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology genetically modified a fungus in order to increase the production of enzymes helpful in converting cellulose into simple fermentable sugars. ICGEB’s research could help produce double the amount of biofuel from agricultural waste materials. The genetically engineered fungus could be a valuable alternative […]

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VTT researchers find enzymes from micro-organisms found in tropical fires resist high temperature process

VTT researchers find enzymes from micro-organisms found in tropical fires resist high temperature process

November 13, 2017 |

In Finland, micro-organisms found in the wildfire-prone dry tropical forests of India are an exciting prospect for biochemical production, as they are accustomed to the challenging conditions following a forest fire. The enzymes they produce are likely to also have a higher-than-normal resistance to the substances released from biomass in high-temperature industrial processes. An EU and […]

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Indian researchers create comprehensive database of known biofuel enzymes

Indian researchers create comprehensive database of known biofuel enzymes

November 7, 2017 |

In India, researchers developed a comprehensive database of known enzymes with proven or potential applications in biofuel production through text mining of PubMed abstracts and other publicly available information. A total of 131 enzymes with a role in biofuel production were identified and classified into six enzyme classes and four broad application categories namely ‘Alcohol […]

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