Jim Lane – Biofuels Digest https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest The world's most widely-read advanced bioeconomy daily Wed, 02 Dec 2020 00:26:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.4 5 management tools to reduce hemp biomass harvest variability https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/12/01/5-management-tools-to-reduce-hemp-biomass-harvest-variability/ Wed, 02 Dec 2020 00:26:59 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131788

By David F. Peterson, B.S, MBA, Lee Enterprises Consulting

Special to The Digest

This is the second article in a two-part series that you can find on Biofuels Digest – Part 1 is here.

Since you are reading this article, you are interested in learning how to better manage your hemp biomass feedstock. Whether the reader is just entering the world of hemp or an experienced feedstock manager, the goal of this article is to give every reader some ideas on how to better manage biomass feedstocks.

As with all sources of natural biomass, the variability of the feedstock is the enemy of quality, operability, and ultimately profitability. The goal of managing any biomass feedstock is to reduce variability, increase operating efficiency and improve profitability. It may be difficult to quantify profit benefits, but any decrease in variation is a positive trend. Not considering how the biomass is grown or the effects of genetically altered seeds or clones, the variability in harvested hemp biomass can be reduced through five management tools:

  1. Feedstock management planning,
  2. Feedstock testing
  3. Incoming feedstock specifications,
  4. Supply agreements and
  5. Process technology design and operations.


Ideally, the hemp processor would be able to take any ‘remotely acceptable’ feedstock, process it with robust technology to produce a product that meets all the specifications 100% of the time.  As we know, that situation only exists in our dreams.  In the real world, dirt, contamination, seed size, seed quality, irrigation, stalk density, time in storage, moisture content, insects, disease, site differences, nutrients, weather conditions, harvesting techniques, genetic variation and transportation differences, to name just a few, are causes for variation.

These five management tools and techniques are discussed below.


  1. Planning

The first step in managing your feedstock is an overall plan. This plan addresses the current status including processing steps and metrics at key stages, objectives and how to achieve the clearly stated goals.  If you are just starting out, some questions to ask include: Where do you expect to get your feedstock? What are your feedstock acceptance standards and how will you select your suppliers?  How much and what kind of feedstock is needed taking into consideration various losses, including moisture and overall product yield?  Quite often these decisions can involve trade-offs between important properties. If you have an operating facility, do you understand your current feedstock variability?

An important part of any feedstock management plan is data. Wise investors and managers need good data to ensure sound decisions. Likewise, natural product-based operators need reliable data to specify equipment, design facilities, establish safe operating procedures, calculate overall mass and energy balances and produce financial proformas. As a critical metric for any operation, the estimated overall yield is based on information that uses processing assumptions, biomass data and operational data. Specific to your operations, how will yield be calculated as a key metric? To answer these important questions, what feedstock data is available and where can you go for data if it is not available? As a first stop, most suppliers can provide some basic feedstock data such as moisture and composition, and perhaps additional test results on chemical composition such as THC and other important physical properties. If the data is not available through any readily available sources, the data will be need to generated from testing.

The overall product yield, whether CBD, oil or fiber, is obviously a key metric that can vary wildly when looking at various biomass sources. To provide statistically significant conclusions, a considerable number of samples of various sources likely need to be tested to provide realistic expectations for key properties. Seasonal differences also need to be taken into consideration as well as any effects of storage. Statistical analysis of the data will help to determine when a realistic understanding is achieved, resulting in calculated averages, upper and lower control limits, process capability and estimated confidence limits.  Key metrics will need statistical analysis, with the end result being key output goal estimates, such as yield, % THC, % of primary ingredient, moisture and tacking methods to monitor process performance.

Time spent on an early stage plan can save a lot of time and provide for more focused feedstock evaluations and ongoing improvements, not to mention valuable information for business plans.  Often a feedstock plan involves an iterative process necessitating ‘Plan, Do, Check, and Act’ cycles to move forward as information is developed and analyzed. When completed, the biomass management plan then becomes an important tool for managing the business.


  1. Testing

Testing is an important activity of operating a facility that uses natural biomass feedstocks. It is helpful to set a realistic budget for testing feedstocks based on a firm understanding of how the test results are to be utilized, how the testing is performed, how much testing is needed and standards that will be followed. One area to pay close attention is the test protocols. This seemingly simple area can be a source of significant challenge, especially if the tests are required by customers or government agencies.  This area can also be difficult to navigate when the standards are not fully accepted and subject to change.  Young industries, like hemp, are more prone to changes in standards and customer requirements.  As this industry matures, standards will become more vetted and accepted. It is important at the outset to make sure the proper tests are performed correctly according to accepted standards.


  1. Feedstock Specifications

Armed with data and supply information, realistic incoming feedstock specifications can be published.  As the principles of economic supply and demand apply, there is usually an inverse relationship between specifications versus feedstock availability and cost. Unless there is a rare situation where supply is so abundant that tight specification will not constrict supply, most specifications tend to decrease supply options and increase costs.  Robust and forgiving processes technology and equipment will be able to tolerate variability in some feedstock specifications, such as stem size, seed properties, moisture, contamination, etc.  to thereby lower losses.

Feedstock specifications need not be complicated. The specifications can be a simple table showing the feedstock parameters along with the acceptable ranges for each parameter.  If a parameter is not crucial, the range can be quite broad to just protect the buyer from unusual conditions. For example, moisture may not be critical factor due most feedstock being well within an acceptable range, but the unusual situation of soaking wet may be an issue as well as too dry. In this situation, the specification should specify the normal range as acceptable, but reject the material that is high moisture to avoid higher drying costs, equipment issues and perhaps prevent other challenges such as mold during storage. However, on the other end of the moisture spectrum, feedstock that is too dry may be difficult to process or represent higher fire dangers, so a lower moisture reject limit is also needed. THC levels, depending on the final product, may need tighter limits on incoming feedstock.


  1. Supply Agreements

A supply agreement between the supplier and buyer specifies all the important parameters for volume, feedstock properties, delivery and payments. Supply agreements can be complicated and could alone require volumes of information to give it proper coverage due to the many nuances of these legally binding documents. For sake of brevity and the purpose of this article, we will focus on how a supply agreement can be used to manage feedstock quality and volume. With data showing what is needed for product specification and knowing volume-based pricing numbers, the essential elements of supply agreements can be established to control variability, as well as establish price, transportation fees and delivery expectations.  A supply agreement will not only establish penalties for ‘off-spec’ shipments but may also include incentives for more favorable feedstock conditions, such as higher CBD concentration plant parts, which would add to profitability. Supply agreements can also include ‘take or pay language’ to provide assurances to suppliers that have fixed costs and other risks, that they would be protected against a sudden loss of product purchases. Conversely, supply agreements can contain penalties if certain shipment metrics are not achieved, such as not meeting minimum shipments or not consistently meeting quality specifications.  Overall, the objective of supply agreements is to provide the highest quality feedstock possible, i.e. feedstock with lowest practical variation, for the volume of biomass needed at a market acceptable price that is fair to both the supplier and buyer. To be successful in the long-term, suppliers need to be viewed as partners. If reputable suppliers understand they are valued, that positive relationship can lead to many intangible benefits.  With supply agreements being somewhat negotiable, it is important to understand what terms are negotiable and what terms are not.  Data and a good understanding of your process will help to establish fair supply agreement terms that provide for mutual profitability.


  1. Process Technology Design and Operations

Effective process design and equipment selection is essential for managing biomass for excellence and profitability.  The key to equipment selection and design is to understand how the processing equipment, storage vessels and conveyance systems will help meet final product specifications. Capital and operational costs, process safety management, environmental requirements, maintenance needs and operational requirements must also be included in the decision process. Minimal handling of feedstock is always the goal, but sometimes the cost of more highly automated systems cannot be justified, especially for smaller scale plants that are common at this stage in hemp industry development. Storage of natural materials can be especially troublesome with caking, bridging, and mold being more common issues.  To prevent this, aeration or agitation is often used in storage vessels, but the design must be vetted for effectiveness for the specific biomass materials being stored.

Regarding segregation of various feedstock sources, it may make sense to keep certain sources or types of feedstock separated in storage and then blended to provide a consistent and uniform feedstock recipe for processing. Segregation of feedstock may be driven by THC levels, moisture, etc. The chemical composition of hemp materials can vary significantly due to genetics, site conditions, weather, fertilizer, management decisions, etc.  With hemp it is quite common to see significant differences in chemical analyses from site to site and by cultivar.  The practice of segregating various sources is used throughout bio-economy process industries. For example, trees are segregated by species so the wood fiber can be blended in pulping operations for consistent final pulp properties. As with all decisions, there is a cost to segregating feedstock inventories. A cost/benefit analysis will sort out the best decision.

Throughout the entire manufacturing process, it will be necessary to have intermediate in-process quality standards with sample testing and process metrics at significant process operations to monitor important quality parameters. If the process is in control, the quality is usually predictable.

Wrapping It Up

Managing biomass is well understood and there are ample sources of experts and other resources to help solve the toughest issues. Natural products, like hemp, represent a sustainable solution to market demands. It will be exciting to see where the hemp market goes as the world enters further into the bioeconomy.[i]

Lee Enterprises Consulting is the world’s premier bioeconomy consulting group with over 150 bioenergy and biochemical experts worldwide. Our experts are world renowned leaders in their field, selected based on their education, experience, and reputation and have done thousands of projects worldwide. The group is divided into sections including biofuels, biomaterials, biochemicals, feedstocks, technologies, land & natural resources management, food & livestock production, and cannabis/hemp and provides hundreds of services including business & financial, technical & engineering, project management, legal & regulatory, and a variety of highly specialized services like due diligence, market research, risk analysis, litigation support and techno-economic analysis.


Challenges In The Marketplace: Offtake Agreements – Connecting Growers with Buyers, by Lee Enterprises Consulting’s Rachael Ardanuy, J.D.

[i] https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2020/09/15/2093501/0/en/Global-Cannabidiol-CBD-Oil-Market-Report-2020-2025-Market-to-Grow-from-967-2-Million-in-2020-to-5-3-Billion-by-2025.html

Decarbonizing Shipping and Transportation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to BioLNG https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/12/01/decarbonizing-shipping-and-transportation-the-digests-2020-multi-slide-guide-to-biolng/ Wed, 02 Dec 2020 00:20:59 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131768

There are concrete benefits of using BioLNG to decarbonize hard to abate transport sectors like heavy-duty transport and shipping, according to the latest European Biogas Association, Gas Infrastructure Europe, the Natural & Bio Gas Vehicle Association, and SEA-LNG joint paper. The EU production of BioLNG is set to increase tenfold by 2030 and this slide guide shares the report highlights of how BioLNG can help the EU reach its 2030 climate targets and become climate neutral by 2050, and more.

Mastering the Science of Producing Algae: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to iWi https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/30/mastering-the-science-of-producing-algae-the-digests-2020-multi-slide-guide-to-iwi/ Mon, 30 Nov 2020 23:25:48 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131717

To go along with our “green” holiday theme today, check out this slide guide on how iWi’s Omega-3 made from algae can go a long way in making us healthier in a much greener way. iWi skips the fish and krill and goes directly to the beginning of the food chain with algae, and also is an alternative plant-based protein. So algae is a pain to produce right? Not so fast! Check out how iWi tackled the science of producing algae outdoors in a highly scalable manner, and more.

50 Hottest Companies in Low Carbon fuels, chemicals & materials for 2021 – early voting https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/30/50-hottest-companies-in-low-carbon-fuels-chemicals-materials-for-2021-early-voting/ Mon, 30 Nov 2020 12:40:32 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131403

In Florida, the Daily Digest released the early-voting totals from Subscriber Voting in the 50 Hottest Companies in Low Carbon fuels, chemicals & materials for 2021 — which do not yet include Invited International Selector votes.

Companies such as Praj Industries, Renewable Energy Group, LanzaTech, and Amyris were prominent in the early ballots as readers placed much higher ratings on major petrochemical players compared to in recent years, as the bioeconomy shifts towards deployment. Shell, BP, Valero, BASF, and Total exemplified the trend. Engineering companies made a strong showing this year, while major forestry and agricultural companies were less prominent, in a shift away from feedstock providers.

Early votes only warning

“I think we’ve learned in 2020 not to place undue emphasis on the early ballots,” said Digest editor and publisher Jim Lane. “The final tallies are more than 3 weeks away and there will be differences between vote totals today and at the finish. Still, it is great to see lots of fresh faces doing well in the early voting.”

Subscriber balloting

Hot 50 voting continues through Friday, December 18th, 2020 at 5pm ET. This year there are Hot 50 rankings for Low Carbon Fuels & Chemicals, Agriculture & Nutrition and Bio+Engineering, to reflect the diversification underway throughout the sector. All Hot 50 rankings will be announced on Monday December 30th in The Digest, and we will honor the organizations, their suppliers, industrial partners, investors and team at the annual Hot Party at ABLC 2020 in Washington DC, on March 18th, 2021.

For the Hot 50, subscribers will receive a link to their official ballot in each e-mail newsletter issue of The Digest published between Monday, November 20th and Friday, December 18th, 2020.

Enzymes and Microbes Produce More with Less: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Novozymes https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/29/enzymes-and-microbes-produce-more-with-less-the-digests-2020-multi-slide-guide-to-novozymes/ Sun, 29 Nov 2020 16:15:57 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131560

In September, Novozymes announced they would be a more customer-centric organization. But what does that mean? And how did COVID-19 affect their business strategy for the remaining 2020 months? Find out in this illuminating slide guide that dives deep into their financials, their strategic plans, the latest launched products, plans for the future, and more.

50 Hottest Companies in Advanced Agriculture & Nutrition for 2021 – early voting https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/27/50-hottest-companies-in-advanced-agriculture-nutrition-for-2021-early-voting/ Fri, 27 Nov 2020 13:48:44 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131349

In Florida, Fluid Quip Technologies, Impossible Foods, Beyond Meats and Kula Bio have taken the lead in early voting in the 50 Hottest Companies in Agriculture & Nutrition for 2021. The Digest released the early-voting totals from Subscriber Voting — which do not yet include Invited International Selector votes.

News foods dominate, smaller companies shine

Companies such as White Dog Labs, Corbion, Cargill, Calysta, Knip Bio and Perfect Day Foods were prominent in the early ballots as readers placed much higher ratings on food companies than agtech. Smaller companies received unexpected support levels.

Early votes only warning

“I think we’ve learned in 2020 not to place undue emphasis on the early ballots,” said Digest editor and publisher Jim Lane. “The final tallies are more than 3 weeks away and there will be differences between vote totals today and at the finish. Still, it is great to see lots of fresh faces doing well in the early voting.”

Subscriber balloting

Hot 50 voting continues through Friday, December 18th, 2020 at 5pm ET. This year there are Hot 50 rankings for Fuels & Chemicals, Agriculture & Nutrition and Bio+Engineering, to reflect the diversification underway throughout the sector. All Hot 50 rankings will be announced on Monday December 30th in The Digest, and we will honor the organizations, their suppliers, industrial partners, investors and team at the annual Hot Party at ABLC 2020 in Washington DC, on March 18th, 2021.

For the Hot 50, subscribers will receive a link to their official ballot in each e-mail newsletter issue of The Digest published between Monday, November 20th and Friday, December 18th, 2020.

An Attitude of Gratitude https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/26/an-attitude-of-gratitude/ Thu, 26 Nov 2020 21:43:51 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131546

By Douglas L. Faulkner, President, Leatherstocking LLC and “The Cleantech Conservative”

Special to The Digest

As I pondered recently the meaning of our American Thanksgiving, I realized that there was much unsaid in a similar vein about the bioeconomy.  In this time of mistrust, misunderstandings, cynicism and defeatism, we all should say out loud unabashedly and without hesitation all the blessings biofuels and biobased products have wrought.  The world would certainly be a much different – – and much worse – – place if these industries had never existed.  It’s a compelling saga, a rich tapestry weaving together successes as well as failures, of colorful characters and those that have toiled in obscurity.

Someone should someday calculate just how much petroleum these industries have displaced in the last few decades:  it would surely be in the billions of barrels.  And, no matter how many critiques are voiced about using plants, trees, residues and wastes instead of oil to make a vast number of products touching our everyday lives, the fact remains there would without any doubt be a much greater negative impact on the environment, our livelihoods and our security if we had not done so.

This bio-revolution is at its heart a very broad movement over time and space.  Sure, it has seen its ups-and-downs over the last several decades, but it has steadily grown from the early days of the American chemurgy movement in the 1920s and ‘30s, from the bounties of American farms and forests to lands and their produce today in Brazil, Europe, Africa and Asia.

Despite the many and unrelenting attacks on these products from the soil, a great bow wave of voter interest and consumer demand has only grown.  By whatever measure one chooses, liquid biofuels, biochemicals, biobased products and materials all stand tall on solid science as decidedly more sustainable than their alternatives.  This will drive the innovation and growth of the future much more so than government diktat.

I give thanks too for the vast cloud of pioneers in this field, because this is essentially an intensely human story.  Yes, there have been so many luminaries and visionaries who led the fight, like Henry Ford and George Washington Carver in the early days, but even more so count the many millions who toiled over the years without much notice but with great result:  the scientists, the academics, the civil servants, and especially the farmers, foresters and the workers who sweat and shape with their own hands in the fields, factories and the long supply chains.

But, above all, I am grateful for the strong foundation already laid for even greater progress and prosperity in the decades ahead.   The unstoppable currents of change in the global bio-economy gives hope for better days ahead in so many ways for so many millions.  I am confident that our past successes will only pale next to those of the future.  I give thanks for having lived long enough to have witnessed the birth of the modern bioeconomy and for the glimpse of its coming maturity

I just hope the world’s leaders can see that promising vista on the horizon and not listen to the discordant voices of doom and gloom, but instead applaud and accelerate the Golden Age of Bioenergy fast coming into focus.  Wouldn’t that be a great holiday gift to humankind?


Feedstock Conversion Interface Consortium: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Feedstock Variability https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/26/feedstock-conversion-interface-consortium-the-digests-2020-multi-slide-guide-to-feedstock-variability/ Thu, 26 Nov 2020 21:32:21 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131511

We all know variability is inherent to biomass, but what can you do about it? Lots! This ABLC2020 slide guide dives into feedstock variability and the work FCIC is coordinating across an impressive 6 national labs to help address this major operational challenge for anyone who works with any type of biomass feedstock.

One Small Candle May Light a Thousand: A Thanksgiving Message from the Digest https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/25/one-small-candle-may-light-a-thousand-a-thanksgiving-message-from-the-digest/ Wed, 25 Nov 2020 23:30:59 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131474

This week marks the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Their story has been oft-told.

A band of English Puritans who set out to the Americas in search of religious freedom and to found what John Winthrop would later call “a shining city upon a hill”. Their desperate passage across the Atlantic in hurricane season, the crowded conditions aboard the Mayflower after the Speedwell had turned back with leaks. The Mayflower Compact by which the settlers organized themselves as a democracy. Their terrible ignorance of disease and the crops of the New World, that nearly destroyed the little colony in the winter of 1620-21. An unlikely friendship that grew up between the Pilgrims and one of the native tribes, through the efforts of an English-speaking Indian named Squanto. A good harvest in 1621 that ensured the colony would succeed, and a feast enjoyed late in the year by the Pilgrims and their Indian allies. 

These days, plenty of Americans have Pilgrim antecedents, some 10 million of us, and the United States eventually grew out of this colony and others that appeared.

They were flawed people. They brought with them European diseases, ideas about slavery that would stain the continent, a combativeness regarding religion, and an inability to appreciate and live peacefully with the civilizations they landed amongst. We rightly criticize them for their shortcomings, yet it is the blessings that flowed from their strengths that makes us remember them. They brought a capacity to navigate long journeys by sea, and iron tools never seen before in the New World. Even more, they brought ideals of liberty, a system of land tenure, and saw the potential for world trade.

I have often wondered what the Pilgrims would make of us today, especially those who row in the galleys of inventiveness, who worry and suffer over their companies, who build the bioeconomy.

The bioeconomy, you see, was all the Pilgrims had, it wasn’t something they had to build and nourish. The replenishable resources of the forest and the field provided all their food, feed, materials, and fuels. They hardly knew what waste was, since they wasted almost nothing. 

Today, after a few centuries of fossil fuels and rampant waste, memorialized in our mountains made of landfills and sky replete with greenhouse gases, we are trending back towards our roots, and to the way of life of the Pilgrims.

I happen to carry a copy of William Bradford’s journal Of Plimouth Plantation, written during the first decades of the Pilgrim experience, with me almost anywhere I travel. He was one of the Pilgrims and governor of the colony for many years. His journal was lost for a century, found in an English church library in the mid-1800s, and returned after some argument to America where it was reprinted and widely published in 1898 for the first time. A craze came upon Americans for all things Pilgrim in the years after 1898, which has only dissipated in the past 20 years or so. 

A copy from that first edition sits on my shelf not two feet from me when I write for The Daily Digest, so that I always remember, as Bradford remarked, that All great and honorable actions are accompanied with great difficulties, and both must be enterprised and overcome with answerable courage.

I think upon the struggles of the bioeconomy, which also went through a period of great popularity and today has a more mixed reputation amongst the nabobs of national policy.  Success has brought disappointment; when a thing is done it is never as pretty as when it was first dreamed — shortcomings are the livery of great ventures. And so, too many people choose to sit on the sidelines and criticize the athletes on the field, because they are human and imperfect, as if one man failing to run a marathon is proof that a marathon cannot be run at all. As was observed in the Book of Ecclesiastes many centuries ago: 

He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him. Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.”

The bioeconomy has many things in common with the Pilgrims, besides being often out of fashion with the smart set. Both looked to the land for their nourishment. Both have given back more than they took. Both sought freedom to operate. Both had many failures offset by a handful of transformative achievements. Both were grounded in a spirit of community rather than the principles of Dog Eat Dog. Both looked upon waste as a failure of imagination that could be corrected.

Both knew that values drive habits, habits drive actions, and actions change the world — and those who would change the world must place values before value.

A love of partnership and a longing to co-operate led the Pilgrims to try a form of communism, in which they shared ownership of the assets of the colony, and labored together rather than in competition. The experiment was a dreadful failure, and a cautionary note to those who say that common ownership for the common benefit has not been tried upon America’s bounteous shores. It has. Bradford observed:

“The failure of this experiment of communal service, which was tried for several years, and by good and honest men proves the emptiness of the theory of Plato and other ancients, applauded by some of later times, — that the taking away of private property, and the possession of it in community, by a commonwealth, would make a state happy and flourishing; as if they were wiser than God.” 

One year at ABLC, I placed a copy of Of Plimouth Plantation upon the speaker’s lectern. For an entire day, I watched as speaker after speaker came forward to deliver their slides, outline their great plans, and advance the causes for which their companies had been formed. Each would look in a puzzled way at the open book on the lectern, one asked with some irritation why a book was making it impossible for him to place his speaker notes flat as he wanted. Eventually, someone picked it up and dropped it onto a nearby table, where the quote I had highlighted with a Post-It tag went unheeded or noticed for the remainder. 

It read:

“Out of small beginnings greater things have been produced by His hand that made all things of nothing, and gives being to all things that are; and, as one small candle may light a thousand, so the light here kindled hath shone unto many…” 

It will not take 400 years for your small candles to light a thousand, for the times are more urgent and opportunity awaits those who have the fortitude to endure the indignities of the long winter that comes before the spring.

Happy Thanksgiving to each of you, and joy in the holiday time ahead. Those of us who watch your work give thanks for all you do.

Camelina and Canola, Omega-3 Oils for Aquaculture: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Yield10 Biosciences https://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2020/11/25/camelina-and-canola-omega-3-oils-for-aquaculture-the-digests-2020-multi-slide-guide-to-yield10-biosciences/ Wed, 25 Nov 2020 23:27:32 +0000 http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/?p=131458

Yield10 Biosciences just completed harvesting for their 2020 field test program to evaluate novel yield and compositional traits in Camelina and canola conducted in the United States and Canada, and plan on reporting data in Q4 2020 through early 2021. They also recently collaborated with Rothamsted Research for the advancement of technology that enables the land-based, sustainable production of omega-3 oils for use in aquaculture.