Tag: gene

ORNL researchers discover single gene that can boost growth and stress tolerances

ORNL researchers discover single gene that can boost growth and stress tolerances

June 10, 2021 |

In Tennessee, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered a single gene that simultaneously boosts plant growth and tolerance for stresses such as drought and salt, all while tackling the root cause of climate change by enabling plants to pull more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.  As climate change triggers more frequent and longer-lasting […]

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Researchers find seed dispersal gene in wild populations for first time

Researchers find seed dispersal gene in wild populations for first time

October 8, 2020 |

In Missouri, innumerable road trips and hundreds of plants have resulted in a paper, “A genome resource for green millet Setaria viridis enables discovery of agronomically valuable loci,” in Nature Biotechnology. Researchers from the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, along with researchers at the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) […]

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University of Minnesota researchers make it possible to mutate a single gene at a time

University of Minnesota researchers make it possible to mutate a single gene at a time

May 13, 2020 |

In Minnesota, University of Minnesota researchers have now developed a tool that makes it possible to mutate a single gene at a time—opening the door not only to a better understanding of evolution, but also better ways to modify the genes of microbes to give them the ability to mass-produce molecules, such as biofuel-generating enzymes, […]

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Chinese researchers discover gene the controls stem juiciness in sorghum

Chinese researchers discover gene the controls stem juiciness in sorghum

October 18, 2018 |

In China, through careful genetic analysis of a large, diverse panel of sorghum varieties, scientists at the Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered the gene controlling the stem juiciness trait in sorghum, as described in this month’s issue of the Plant Cell. The dry gene product appears to function as a master switch that controls the […]

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University of Georgia researchers find gene can improve both poplar and switchgrass for biofuels

University of Georgia researchers find gene can improve both poplar and switchgrass for biofuels

February 14, 2018 |

In Georgia, a research team led by the University of Georgia has discovered that manipulation of the same gene in poplar trees and switchgrass produced plants that grow better and are more efficiently converted to biofuels. In a paper published recently in Nature Biotechnology, the researchers report that reducing the activity of a specific gene […]

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Western Illinois University researchers making progress on pennycress gene editing

Western Illinois University researchers making progress on pennycress gene editing

February 13, 2017 |

In Illinois, researchers at Western Illinois University are using gene editing on pennycress in an attempt to reduce seed shattering, among other traits, that will make the winter annual more viable for biodiesel feedstock, allowing soy farmers to grow an extra crop. Changing the color of flowers to yellow is also high on the gene […]

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University of Georgia finds gene repression boosts xylan and pectin growth

University of Georgia finds gene repression boosts xylan and pectin growth

March 30, 2015 |

In Georgia, researchers at the University of Georgia have discovered that manipulation of a specific gene in a hardwood tree species not only makes it easier to break down the wood into fuel, but also significantly increases tree growth. In a paper published recently in Biotechnology for Biofuels, the researchers describe how decreasing the expression […]

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Resistance gene found against Ug99 wheat stem rust pathogen

Resistance gene found against Ug99 wheat stem rust pathogen

July 4, 2013 |

In Kansas, researchers have identified a gene, Sr35, gives wheat plants resistance to one of the most deadly races of the wheat stem rust pathogen — called Ug99 — that was first discovered in Uganda in 1999. The discovery may help scientists develop new wheat varieties and strategies that protect the world’s food crops against […]

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Peach DNA could increase biomass accumulation in poplar

Peach DNA could increase biomass accumulation in poplar

March 25, 2013 |

In California, the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is working to isolate the “evergreen” locus in peaches, which extends the growing season of the plant. Said Daniel Rokhsar, head of the DOE JGI Eukaryotic Program, “In theory, it could be manipulated in poplar to increase the accumulation of biomass.” Peach genes […]

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