Tag: ORNL

ORNL researchers use supercomputing to understand how organic solvent and water break down biomass

ORNL researchers use supercomputing to understand how organic solvent and water break down biomass

July 9, 2020 |

In Tennessee, scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutron scattering and supercomputing to better understand how an organic solvent and water work together to break down plant biomass, creating a pathway to significantly improve the production of renewable biofuels and bioproducts. The discovery, published in the Proceedings of the National […]

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ORNL scientists invent plant-based materials to grow nation’s bioeconomy

ORNL scientists invent plant-based materials to grow nation’s bioeconomy

June 7, 2020 |

In Tennessee, scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing new and valuable uses for lignin, a byproduct of biorefineries and the pulp and paper industry. These new product streams can take advantage of the natural properties of lignin in biomass to create materials with unique performance advantages. ORNL’s lignin-based inventions include: Renewable composites for […]

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ORNL researchers develop new method to look deep at biomaterials’ nanostructure

ORNL researchers develop new method to look deep at biomaterials’ nanostructure

February 26, 2020 |

In Tennessee, scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new method to peer deep into the nanostructure of biomaterials without damaging the sample. This novel technique can confirm structural features in starch, a carbohydrate important in biofuel production. The research team used the sharp probe tip of an atomic […]

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ORNL researchers played key role in zeolite catalyst research

ORNL researchers played key role in zeolite catalyst research

December 16, 2019 |

In Tennessee, researchers led by the University of Manchester have designed a catalyst that converts biomass into fuel sources with remarkably high efficiency and offers new possibilities for manufacturing advanced renewable materials. Neutron scattering experiments at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory played a key role in determining the chemical and behavioral dynamics […]

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ORNL and Vertimass shows CADO technology competitive with conventional fuels

ORNL and Vertimass shows CADO technology competitive with conventional fuels

November 26, 2019 |

In Tennessee, technology developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and scaled up by Vertimass LLC to convert ethanol into fuels suitable for aviation, shipping and other heavy-duty applications can be price-competitive with conventional fuels while retaining the sustainability benefits of bio-based ethanol, according to a new analysis. ORNL worked with […]

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ORNL researchers closer to creating custom microbes to facilitate cellulosic bioenergy

ORNL researchers closer to creating custom microbes to facilitate cellulosic bioenergy

September 16, 2019 |

In Tennessee, scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a method to insert genes into a variety of microorganisms that previously would not accept foreign DNA, with the goal of creating custom microbes to break down plants for bioenergy. Researchers at the DOE Center for Bioenergy Innovation (CBI) at […]

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Fish model shows forest management can produce biofuels and restore salmonids

Fish model shows forest management can produce biofuels and restore salmonids

February 10, 2019 |

In Washington, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) have been modeling to understand the costs and benefits of thinning forests and the potential for improving habitat, yielding benefits not only for the environment, but also for the economy. Decision models linking process-based and […]

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Researching cleaner, more efficient bioenergy production using neutrons

Researching cleaner, more efficient bioenergy production using neutrons

January 13, 2019 |

In Tennessee, the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are studying approaches to cleaner energy conversion of biomass. Using neutron scattering at ORNL, they are investigating how biomasses degrade as they are exposed to extreme temperatures. Insights from their experiments could also point to possible applications for the byproducts of bioenergy production. “A […]

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ORNL researchers create renewable 3D printing feedstock from lignin

ORNL researchers create renewable 3D printing feedstock from lignin

January 1, 2019 |

In Tennessee, scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a recipe for a renewable 3D printing feedstock that could spur a profitable new use for an intractable biorefinery byproduct: lignin. The discovery, detailed in Science Advances, expands ORNL’s achievements in lowering the cost of bioproducts by creating novel uses for lignin—the […]

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ORNL researchers make progress on breaking down biomass using supercomputers

ORNL researchers make progress on breaking down biomass using supercomputers

December 26, 2018 |

In Tennessee, a team from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has made several fundamental discoveries related to the challenges associated with breaking down biomass using supercomputers. In a recent paper published in Nature Reviews Chemistry, ORNL researchers summarize key concepts derived from a decade of molecular-level simulations of biomass […]

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