Tag: Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Water molecule movements help understand energy landscape

Water molecule movements help understand energy landscape

April 26, 2020 |

In Germany, for the first time, scientists from Ruhr University Bochum were able to fully observe all movements between water molecules, the so-called intermolecular vibrations. The findings help, among other things, to better determine the energy landscape of the molecules and thus to better understand the strange properties of water. Of particular importance is a […]

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Mutation reduces energy waste in plants

Mutation reduces energy waste in plants

April 12, 2020 |

In Germany, researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum identified several thousand proteins, determined their respective amounts in mutant and reference lines and combined the results obtained with measurements of photosynthetic performance. They found that the combination of two mutations could help convert carbon dioxide into biomass by plants more efficiently. One of the mutations is characterized […]

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Researchers find new way to drive biocatalysis with plasmas

Researchers find new way to drive biocatalysis with plasmas

March 15, 2020 |

In Germany, a research team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum developed a new method to drive catalytically active enzymes, using a process in which the starting material hydrogen peroxide is supplied to the biocatalysts in a controlled manner using plasma. A buffer layer protects the enzymes themselves from harmful components of the plasma. Using two model enzymes, […]

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Scientists uncover how cyanobacteria converts CO2 so efficiently

Scientists uncover how cyanobacteria converts CO2 so efficiently

February 9, 2020 |

In Germany, a research team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum revealed the secret of how cyanobacteria converts CO2 which makes it possible to use the information to improve the production of sustainable fuels for example. By analyzing the molecular structure of the complex using cryo-electron microscopy in combination with computer simulations and other biochemical experiments, the team […]

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Simplified process developed to create synthetic adipates, saving energy and costs

Simplified process developed to create synthetic adipates, saving energy and costs

January 11, 2020 |

In Germany, researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum found a way to develop simpler synthetic adipates which are required for the manufacturing of perfumes, lubricants and active pharmaceutical ingredients. So far, the reaction to produce adipates has only been possible using a complicated, multi-stage process. Now it only takes one step. Adipates are made from the […]

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New findings can help protect hydrogen-producing enzymes from harmful oxygen

New findings can help protect hydrogen-producing enzymes from harmful oxygen

November 10, 2019 |

In Germany, researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum found that certain enzymes, such as the hydrogen-producing hydrogenases, are unstable in the presence of oxygen and have clarified this at the atomic level. Using X-ray diffraction, they showed how certain iron atoms in the center of the enzyme change in the presence of oxygen, which gradually leads […]

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Catalyst that lives forever? Researchers make efficient biocatalysts that last longer

Catalyst that lives forever? Researchers make efficient biocatalysts that last longer

November 3, 2019 |

In Germany, researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have succeeded in equipping a catalyst with an extremely thin protective film of molecular building blocks, which shields it from oxygen and thus makes its life practically infinite. The catalyst still works efficiently. Oxygen threatens sustainable catalysts that convert hydrogen into fuel cells but researchers have developed a […]

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Converting CO 2 into raw materials using nanoparticles

Converting CO 2 into raw materials using nanoparticles

September 28, 2019 |

In Germany, scientists at the Ruhr University Bochum and the University of New South Wales in Australia converted carbon dioxide into raw materials using nanoparticles. They looked at the principle for this from enzymes that produce complex molecules in many-step reactions. The team transferred this mechanism to metallic nanoparticles, also called nanozymes. For example, chemists […]

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Oil-accumulating fungi research could help biofuels production

Oil-accumulating fungi research could help biofuels production

September 15, 2019 |

In Germany, mushroom genetics research, conducted by Ruhr-Universität Bochum researchers and others, could help biofuel production. Some species of trichosporonales fungi can store large amounts of lipids in their cells, and are so-called oil-accumulating fungi, which have therefore been increasingly analyzed in recent years as potential producers of biofuels. Trichosporonales fungi are widespread in the […]

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Researchers develop targeting of light-activated proteins

Researchers develop targeting of light-activated proteins

August 18, 2019 |

In Germany, researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have developed a new strategy for the design of light-sensitive proteins. Such proteins, also called optogenetic tools, can be switched on and off by light pulses, thereby triggering targeted cellular processes. With their help, it is possible, for example, to study in living organisms and to control […]

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